We all want our teacup yorkies  (Yorkishire Terriers) to look good, puppies and adults alike.  Because of the luxurious and full flowing hair of the teacup yorkie
(Yorkshire Terrier), we must brush our  yorkie a couple of tmes a week or the yorkie hair will get matted.  Mats are very difficult to brush out.  We cannot  just
bathe and dress our children  and take them to church on Sunday and expect them to look their best without some weekly in-between maintenance that includes
trimming their hair and nails;  neither can we expect our teacup yorkies  (Yorkshire Terrier) to look well groomed without frequent maintenance.

Mats are a fact of life with yorkies and must be carefully brushed out.  I begin by having the puppy lie in my lap, stroking and petting it until it is calm.  Then I lift
the upper layer of hair and brush the underside first, gently disentangling any mats and tangles with my fingers and a small wire brush.  If there is a severe mat, I
proceed by pulling loose one hair at a time until there is only a small mat left, then gently sever the tangle.  After the undercoat is clear, I advance to the upper
layer of hair.  Proceed around the body until all mats are cleared.  Pay special attention to the teacup yorkie's legs and ears.

It's important to brush the yorkie frequently to keep mats away.  Our grooming suggestions address best appearance and health, bathing, clearing mats, nail
clipping, soothing your puppy, gaining his trust.  A frightened puppy is difficult to groom.   Mats are difficult to clear, and the hard brushing and pulling will hurt
and frighten the puppy.  If brushing is done frequently enough, mats will not be a problem and the puppy will not resist so much.  
One of the aspects you probably like best about Yorkshire Terriers (yorkies) is their full, flowing coat.  Yorkies have hair, not fur, and as such a teacup yorkie /
teacup yorkie (Yorkshire Terrier's ) hair continually grows just like human hair.  It will eventually become necessary to clip some of the Yorkie's  hair to keep it
looking neat and tidy and your yorkie  well groomed.  There are commercially available videos that teach yorkie grooming, and some pet stores have training
courses.  I don't personally clip my  teacup yorkies, because I am afraid of cutting them, so I take my yorkies to a professional groomer (a good friend)  on average at
6-week intervals.  But I do perform maintenance duties between groomings.

Bathing frequency is very much a matter of preference, partly determined by your teacup yorkie's environment and activity.  If your yorkie goes outside to play in the
grass or dirt, it will need more frequent bathing than  a yorkie that  never goes outside.  Your individual situation and preferences will determine the frequency.

Try to avoid getting water into the teacup  yorkie's ears.  A Yorkshire Terrier's ears should be cleaned with cotton balls dampened with a commercially available ear
cleaning product.  Be very careful if using a Q-tip, and I WOULD NOT  recommend that you use one.  A drying medium should be used in the yorkie's ears after a
bath.  If water is left in the ears the yorkie can get a fungus that is very itchy and can be damaging if left untreated.  I prefer a 2-in-1  product (Virbac Epi-Otic
Advanced, sold though vets) that both cleans and drys the yorkie's ears.  The hair should be dampened (wet) and a dog shampoo spread between your palms and
rubbed into the yorkie's hair and onto the legs and feet.  I wash the yorkie's body and feet first, then rinse before washing the head and face.  The yorkie does not
usually feel so threatened until it's head is wet.  I use baby shampoo on head and face to prevent stinging soap getting in the yorkie eyes.  Rinse carefully, using
small amounts of water gently  poured with your hands or a cup over the yorkie's face while holding flaps of ears down and closed.  When shampooing, stroke gently
in a downward motion of the hair without rubbing around and around, which will tangle the hair.

When thoroughly clean, remove the yorkie from washing container and place on a towel and immediately cover it's face and body with another towel .  Otherwise,
the first shake will make you almost as wet as the yorkie.  Stroke the towel over the yorkie's body, again in a gently stroking downward manner so as not to tangle the
hair.   A de-tangling lotion can be used, one commercially available for dogs or one you might use for yourself or for a small child.  Immediately comb out the yorkie's
hair with a strong metal comb and a small wire brush.  If left uncombed, yorkie's hair will be a tangled mess.

Your own hair dryer will adequately dry a yorkie.  However, it's difficult to wield the dryer with one hand and to hold a struggling yorkie while you're combing it's hair
with the other.  A simple dryer on a stand works wonderfully.  Begin at the yorkie's rump and blow the hair forward, adding lift and drying the yorkie in stages,
brushing and combing as you work.  Your yorkie will feel and look much better when blown dry.  Be careful of the heat.  If the dryer is on a stand, the yorkie must be
moved around.  Keep one hand near the area of the yorkie's body that is being dried.  If it's too hot for you, it's too hot for the puppy.  Be patient and work with a low
setting.  High heat and loud noise will frighten the yorkie.

Yorkies need to be brushed at least weekly.  Grooming topics include best appearance and health, bathing, clearing hair mats, nail
clippping, soothing your puppy, gaining his trust
Your teacup  Yorkie's nails should be clipped weekly.  Your Yorkie (teacup or standard) puppy will have already had it's nails trimmed several times prior to delivery
to you.  If done weekly, it is only necessary to clip the very tip of the yorkie's  nails, thus avoiding getting into the "quick," which of course hurts the yorkie.  If the
Yorkie is never hurt  by nail clipping, he won't be afraid and struggle, which makes the job very difficult to do.  If you do clip into the quick, it may be necessary to
use a product to stop bleeding.  I like the gel formula by "Quick Stop," available through Revival Animal Health.
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